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This billion-year-old granite is the hard core around
which the land mass of Texas formed. This is the geologic center of Texas.
From almost any place in the park you can see examples representing the whole evolution of
plant life--from lichen (the slowest growing plant on earth) to mosses, to ferns, to
herbaceous plants, to shrubs and finally trees.
Here you will find native plants, like the Basin Bellflower, which are not only unique to
this area, but almost non-existent elsewhere.
Here, too, are bedrock monos (stone
grinding pits in granite boulders) and patches of lithic scatter (tiny flakes of flint
left by Paleolithic Indians). These traces of ancient campgrounds attest to
mankind's long tenure and attraction to this place--the holy mountain of the Hill Country.
The Center of the World, in the middle of nowhere.
But you can't see the best of this place
from the road, or even from the summit of The Rock itself. You have to get up
close and on foot to experience this open-air natural museum in its proper light.
When hiking or backpacking at Enchanted
Rock State Natural Area, remember, like an animal in hibernation, the rugged, harsh side
of nature is here, always. However, with a few provisions and sensible precautions
there is far less to fear in the wilderness than on the streets and highways of
The first hazard, and one most on
the minds of recreational hikers, is rattlesnakes. The best defense is caution.
Don't run in the woods, walk. Make a little noise and they'll move
aside. Don't step over logs or boulders unless you can see what's on the
bottom on the other side. Step on the log or boulder and look down for snakes.
The snake you don't see is usually the one that bites you. Despite frequent
visits over the last 25 years, I've never seen a rattlesnake at The Rock.
The greatest danger to hikers anywhere in
Texas is dehydration and heat stroke. Distances in nature are
deceptive. What appears to be a short stroll often turns out to be an ordeal,
especially to hikers who start out with little more than a soft drink or beer in their
hands. Alcohol actually accelerates dehydration. And soft drinks are wet but
not thirst quenching.
For a day hike in the summer, a half
gallon of water per hiker is recommended. Or, assume a water intake of one gallon
every tem miles for extended hikes. Symptoms of dehydration include dizziness, slow
motion, nausea, drowsiness, loss of appetite, dry mouth, difficulty in breathing, the
inability to walk, and finally, fainting.
Drink water, even if you're not thirsty,
because thirst, or the lack of it, is no indication of dehydration. Wear loose
fitting clothing as it slows down the rate of evaporation and actually helps cool the
Once, I foolishly found myself dehydrated
in a rugged, remote area in Burnet County, far from water. My tongue was swollen, my
saliva was like chewing gum. I stopped periodically, removed my shirt, twirled it in
the air and put it back on. The shirt, considerably cooled, lowered my body
temperature and enabled me to reach my destination.
Prolonged rests under such conditions are
risky, particularly near midday. If you must stop, don't lie down, especially in
rocky areas. The surface temperature of the earth can be as much as 30 degrees
cooler one foot off the ground.
When hiking at Enchanted Rock apply
sunscreen and always wear rubber soled, not leather soled, shoes. Dehydration and
improper footwear account for most of the accidents in this area. Take along a
first-aid kit with band-aids to cover blisters, and tweezers to remove cactus spines.
A little food, such as a trail mix of peanuts, raisins and M&M's is also
essential. On extended hikes a lightweight hammock is an excellent addition to any
Hiking maps are provided at
the park headquarters. Take One. You should always have a map of the area you
are entering. The loop Trail, which encircles the major granite outcroppings, is
longer than it appears on the map. There are shorter trails which are more
interesting and strenuous enough for the average hiker.
Most visitors climb to the summit of
Enchanted Rock and if you've never been there it's well worth the hour-and-a-half it will
take round-trip. The summit is really spectacular at night, but it's easy to get
disoriented in the dark if you aren't familiar with the terrain.
The east face of Enchanted Rock, by way
of Turkey Peak Pass, is by far one of the most photogenic of Enchanted Rock's thousand
faces. For a longer hike take the trail through Echo Canyon then follow the creekbed
which meanders eastward between Freshman Mountain and Buzzard's Roost, then return by way
of Sandy Creek. That route is particularly beautiful a few days after a good rain.
For a short excursion try the trail up
the south side of Little Rock. To the west of the trail, about midway up, there are
numerous rock shelters that are interesting to explore and they offer a welcome relief
from the heat. The park is a photographer's paradise and in that respect Little Rock
is far more rewarding than the Summit Trail.
Wildlife photographers, or hikers
wanting quiet solitude, are well advised to strike out for Walnut Spring Creek or the area
northeast of Buzzard's Roost. Most visitors confine themselves to Enchanted Rock or
Little Rock, consequently most wildlife, except for the ever-present buzzards, make
themselves pretty scarce in those areas.
If you plan on camping at Enchanted Rock
State Natural Area make your reservations months in advance. Day visitors need not
make reservations, however, you should plan ahead. Park visitation has reached the
point of saturation. There are only so many parking spaces and once they're full,
you will be turned away. For a day-visit be sure to arrive well before 11 a.m.,
otherwise you will have to wait until 4:30 p.m. or later.
Please remember to take only pictures and
leave only footprints. This ancient sacred site is now a state natural area, where
everything from rocks to plants are protected by law. And by your kind
Photos by Ira Kennedy. Copyright 1998.
This page is produced by teXfiles.com and is
not associated with Enchanted Rock State Natural Area or the Texas Parks & Wildlife
To contact the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department's Enchanted Rock State
Natural Area webpage click here: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/park/enchantd/enchantd.htm
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